Related Studies

Estimating Cleveland's Jewish Population 1978

Sponsor(s): Jewish Federation of Cleveland

Principal Investigator(s): Marvin Rosenberg, Robert Dykes

Study Dates: September 1978

Population Estimates: 1978 estimate is 75,000 Jewish persons; 12,000 Cleveland Jews ages 65 and over.
Key Findings: Two reports: one on older Jewish persons, other on overall Jewish population estimates.

  • Estimation report has excellent historical overview of Cleveland's Jewish population.

  • Since 1970-71 when Cleveland did a "piggyback" study to NJPS 1970-71 (National Jewish Population Survey), the estimate has been of approximately 80,000 Jews in Cleveland.

  • 1978 estimate of 75,000 Jewish persons reflected a 1% Jewish population decline each year since 1971-72.

  • 85% of 1970 Jewish population clustered in 4 suburbs that constitute the Heights section - Shaker Heights, Cleveland Heights, University Heights, and South Euclid. By 1978, area declined to 55% of the total Jewish population as Outer Suburbs increased.
  • Older Jewish Persons report analyzes health, social services, level of functioning in daily activities, Jewish connections among the Young Old (65-69), the Older (70-74) and the Aged (75+).

  • Data largely documents differences after age 75 in terms of higher widowhood rates, needs for social services, health care issues.

  • However, approximately 95% of all groups noted that they could rely on someone else for help if they became disabled.
Sample: List-based study.

Sample Size: 388 interviews with older Jewish persons as part of contacts/interviews with 2,000 Jewish households (in order to determine if some household member was at least age 65).

Sample Notes: Two reports based on 1978 study. Population Research Committee Report #1 is a Report on Older Jewish Persons in Cleveland, while Population Research Committee Report #2 focuses on estimating Cleveland's Jewish population.

Both reports based on 1978 survey. Report on Older Jewish Persons in Cleveland reports on 388 interviews with older Jewish persons from a total of 2,000 Jewish HH contacted. Estimation report based on the entire sample of contacted households.

Estimation report describes methodology in Appendix A, while Appendix B presents a table of historical population estimates, beginning with 1,200 in 1860. Maximum number of Jews was 100,000 in 1918. Estimation report compares 1970 NJPS, 1970-71 Cleveland "piggyback" data and 1978 results.

Report on Older Jewish Americans used interview schedule from Duke University Older American Resources Services questionnaire.

Sample based on Federation List of 20,500 households.

Study Notes: No data files available for the 1978 Study reports.

The 1978 Study reports are the initial publications issued by the Population Study Committee, which culminate in the 1987 Study report #7.

Scanned reports have numerous markings from file copy which was available to the Berman Institute - North American Jewish Data Bank.