The Jewish Community of Edmonton, 2011

Sponsor(s): Jewish Federations of Canada - UIA, The Jewish Federation of Edmonton

Principal Investigator(s): Charles Shahar, Debby Shoctor

Study Dates: 2011

Population Estimates:

The Jewish population of Edmonton in 2011 was 5,545 .

Edmonton's Jews comprise 0.5% of all Edmonton residents.

Key Findings:

Data about the Jewish Community of Edmonton are based on the 2011 Canadian National Household Survey.The initial report on the Jewish Community of Edmonton, 2011, released in June, 2014 combined  two sections: Part 1 Basic Population Demographics and Part 2 Geographic Areas of Residence.  Part 3 on Jewish Seniors and Part 4 on The Jewish Poor were released as a combined report in September, 2014

Population and Demographics

• The Jewish population of Edmonton was 5,545 in 2011. Jews comprised 0.5% of the total
Edmonton population.

• Between 2001 and 2011 the Jewish community grew by 515 people, or 10.2%. The Jewish population has rebounded after showing a decrease of 8.3% between 1991 and 2001. In fact, from an historical perspective, the current population of 5,545 individuals is a peak number for the Jewish community here.

• Edmonton has the seventh largest Jewish community in Canada.

• The 0-14 year age cohort has increased slightly in the last decade; the size of the 25-44 age group has increased since 2001. There were 1,270 individuals in this cohort in 2011, compared to 1,120 in 2001.

• The 45-64 age group has likewise increased in the last decade. This age group represents the Baby Boomer generation.

• The median age of the Edmonton Jewish community (41.8 years) is somewhat older than that of the Edmonton total population (36 years).

• The size of the Jewish community’s population ranks nineteenth among ethnic groups in
Edmonton. The top five ethnic affiliations include British, German, Ukrainian, Canadian, and Aboriginal.

Geography

• The West-End has 1,645 Jewish residents. Almost a third (29.7%) of Edmonton’s Jewish
community lives in the West-End

• The Downtown Groat Estates area has a Jewish population of 455 individuals, whereas the area immediately West of Downtown has 425 Jewish residents.

• Westridge / Wolf Willow, a part of the West-End, has 750 Jewish residents, or 13.5% of the Edmonton Jewish population. More than one in ten people (11.6%) living in Westridge /
Wolf Willow are Jews.

• Both the Downtown Groat Estates area and the West-End have seen increases in the sizes of their Jewish populations, by 15.2% and 13.1% respectively. The area immediately West of Downtown has seen a 39.7% drop in the number of Jews.

• The Jewish population in the West-End has the youngest median age of any of the primary areas considered in this analysis (39.9 years). The oldest median age is evident for the Jewish residents of the Downtown Groat Estates area (60.2 years).

The Jewish community in Westridge / Wolf Willow represents the second largest ethnic
group in this area, numbering only below those with a British affiliation

Jewish Seniors

There are 900 Jewish elderly 65+ years residing in the Edmonton CMA.

Seniors comprise 16.1% of the 5,550 members of the Jewish community here. These figures do not include Jewish seniors living in institutions.

• The percentage of elderly in the Jewish community (16.1%) is higher than the proportion of seniors in the overall Edmonton population (10.4%). However, the percentage of Jewish
seniors here is slightly lower than that for the Canadian Jewish population (16.9%).

• A third (33.3%) of elderly Jewish women in the Edmonton CMA live alone, comprising 130 individuals. Only 10.6% of men live in single person households.

A total of 150 seniors live below the poverty line, or 16.7% of the elderly Jewish population -  while more than half (55.9%) of seniors, or 500 individuals, report experiencing some type of disability.

The Jewish Poor

There are 730 Jews living below the poverty line in the Edmonton CMA. The poor comprise
13.2% of a total population of 5,550 Jews residing in the local community.  Compared to 2001, in fact, the level of poverty in the local community decreased from 15.1% to 13.2%.

• There is almost a linear relationship between education and economic disadvantage. The less education an individual has, the greater the incidence of poverty.

• There are 115 “working poor” in the Edmonton Jewish community who earn wages that are not sufficient to push their income above the poverty line.

Study Notes:

DataBank users should review the Appendices to the report in addition to the main text and summary of findings. 

The Appendices include discussions of the utility of the National Household Survey of 2011 (which replaced earlier Census "long-form" data collection efforts), a discussion of the Revised Jewish Definition used in 2011 and a comparison with the Standard Jewish Definition used in earlier Census-based reports on Jewish Canada, a discussion of ethnic origin attribution used in the definition of Jewish persons, and supplemental, additional tables on both demographics and geography.

Language: English